The Orientation of Amben Tengah at Javanese House in Gedangan Village, Tulungagung


  • Rahima Dheta Yaistrina Alumni
  • Antariksa Antariksa University of Brawijaya



Traditional Javanese Houses, Amben Tengah, Orientation, Cultural Significance


The present study aims to examine the orientation and significance of Amben Tengah within traditional Javanese households, with a specific focus on the Tulungagung region in East Java. The exploration of Amben Tengah, a sacred space situated within these dwellings, is undertaken in the context of the house's overarching orientation and its association with cultural beliefs and practices. The findings of the study indicate that Amben Tengah generally corresponds to the alignment of the primary entrance of Javanese houses, which conventionally faces south, facilitating convenient entry from the main entrance. Nevertheless, there are differences in the orientation of Amben Tengah observed in buildings that no longer prioritise facing the mountain, so underscoring the significant role of Amben Tengah in the architectural design of Javanese houses. Notwithstanding alterations in its orientation, Amben Tengah persists in its role as a hallowed venue for religious practices, as well as for the provision of sleeping quarters and storage facilities. This study illuminates the lasting cultural importance of Amben Tengah in the architectural and spiritual context of traditional Javanese dwellings.


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Author Biographies

Rahima Dheta Yaistrina, Alumni

Rahima Dheta Yaistrina conceptualized and designed the study, conducted the research, and contributed to the analysis and interpretation of the data. Additionally, Rahima Dheta Yaistrina drafted the manuscript and provided critical revisions for important intellectual content.

Antariksa Antariksa, University of Brawijaya

Antariksa contributed to the conceptualization of the study, provided guidance throughout the research process, and assisted in the interpretation of the data. Antariksa critically reviewed and revised the manuscript for important intellectual content. Additionally, Antariksa approved the final version of the manuscript for submission and agreed to be accountable for the accuracy and integrity of the work.


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How to Cite

Rahima Dheta Yaistrina, & Antariksa, A. (2024). The Orientation of Amben Tengah at Javanese House in Gedangan Village, Tulungagung. EMARA: Indonesian Journal of Architecture, 9(1), 13–18.